Chaos… Order… Chaos…

Photo by Martin Péchy from Pexels

Can chaotic systems also synchronize with each other? Physicists from Bar-Ilan University in Israel, along with colleagues from Spain, India and Italy, analyzed the Rossler system and discovered new phenomena that have been overlooked until now.

For the first time the researchers were able to measure the fine grain process that leads from disorder to synchrony, discovering a new kind of synchronization between chaotic systems: Topological Synchronization. Traditionally, synchronization has been examined by comparing the time-course of activity of the two systems. Topological Synchronization instead examines synchronization by comparing the structures of the systems.

As per the researchers, “Every chaotic system attracts its own unique strange attractor. By Topological Synchronization we mean that two strange attractors have the same organization and structures. At the beginning of the synchronization process, small areas on one strange attractor have the same structure of the other attractor, meaning that they are already synced. At the end of the process, all the areas of one strange attractor will have the structure of the other and complete Topological Synchronization has been reached.”

This means that chaotic systems synchronize gradually through local structures that, surprisingly, kick off in the sparse areas of the system and only then spread to the more populated areas. In these sparse areas the activity is less chaotic than in other areas and, as a result, it is easier for these areas to sync relative to those that are much more erratic. (1)

In a fully chaotic system.

Small clearings of order.

And at the end, the system will be in sync.

In a totally ordered system.

Vast hidden oceans of chaos.

And at the beginning, the system will breed a new cosmos…

A new cosmos which will again be in order once more.

An order which will create a new chaos to engulf everything…

For the cosmos we live in is neither ordered nor chaotic.

The cosmos we live in just Is.

Trying to speak to us.

Trying to break its limitations and communicate.

Throw that stone into the calm lake.

Can you hear the roaring abyss?

Synchronizing the brain with the cosmos. Not remembering.

The ability to remember sounds, and manipulate them in our minds, is incredibly important to our daily lives. New research is shedding light on how sound memory works in the brain, and is even demonstrating a means to improve it.

Scientists previously knew that a neural network of the brain called the dorsal stream was responsible for aspects of auditory memory. Inside the dorsal stream were rhythmic electrical pulses called theta waves, yet the role of these waves in auditory memory were until recently a complete mystery.

Researchers applied transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) at the same theta frequency to the subjects while they performed specific memory related tasks, to enhance the theta waves and measure the effect on the subjects’ memory performance.

They found that when they applied TMS, subjects performed better at those memory tasks. This was only the case when the TMS matched the rhythm of natural theta waves in the brain. When the TMS was arrhythmic, there was no effect on performance, suggesting it is the manipulation of theta waves, not simply the application of TMS, which alters performance. (1)

Synchronizing with the cosmos.

It seems important.

But it is actually the other way around.

Not being in sync is what requires effort.

And we are trying too hard for that every day.

Every single moment we get out of sync.

Every day we destroy our connection with the cosmos.

Stop trying so hard and watch the cosmos aligning with you.

You do not need any special tools to boost your memory.

The only thing you need to do is to let go.

And just remember, that you don’t need to remember…

Synchronizing things… That are already in sync…

Scientists have set up the world’s most precise ‘metronome’ for a kilometer-wide network. The timing system synchronizes a 4.7-kilometer-long laser-microwave network with 950 attoseconds precision. An attosecond is a millionth of a millionth of a millionth of a second. (1)

Impressive. Or so it seems.

Because the problem is not synchronization per se.

Everything is already synchronized. In their own frequencies, according to their own preferences. The problem is that we want to synchronize things as we wish fit. We want to exert control. We do not care about how nature is already synchronized. All we care is to make our machine work.

But How would we progress? someone might ask…

Sure. Making a laser and achieving state of the art synchronization is ‘progress’. But after doing that just wonder: What if that synchronization is at the expense of another more valuable synchronization? What if you disrupted something much more fundamental in order to make this laser network work? Yes, it now works. However I have the sense that we are not more happy or more complete as humans because of this ‘achievement’.

Somehow I have the feeling that a river somewhere stopped flowing…

Even for an attosecond.

Human clocks. Human time… Life…

Human existence is basically circadian. Most of us wake in the morning, sleep in the evening, and eat in between. Body temperature, metabolism, and hormone levels all fluctuate throughout the day, and it is increasingly clear that disruption of those cycles can lead to metabolic disease.

Underlying these circadian rhythms is a molecular clock built of DNA-binding proteins called transcription factors. These proteins control the oscillation of circadian genes, serving as the wheels and springs of the clock itself. Yet not all circadian cycles peak at the same time — some peak in the morning and others in the evening. The question, is, how does a single clock keep time in multiple phases at once? Now, thanks to new findings from researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, we know.

In the current issue of the journal Cell, Mitchell Lazar, MD PhD, the Sylvan Eisman Professor of Medicine and director of the Institute for Diabetes, Obesity, and Metabolism and his team report the results of a genome-wide survey of circadian genes and genetic regulatory elements called enhancers. These are key parts of the “dark matter” of the genome; rather than encoding proteins, they control the expression of genes.

Led by postdoctoral researchers Bin Fang, Logan Everett and Jennifer Jager, Lazar’s team took advantage of new tools based on high-density DNA sequencing to measure the activity of enhancers throughout the day in the livers of mice. They found that many enhancers, like circadian genes themselves, have a daily oscillation that is in phase with nearby genes — both the enhancer and gene activity peak at the same time each day. The enhancer activities, in turn, are governed by distinct proteins called transcription factors. Grouping the enhancers into eight three-hour phases based on when they peak, the group asked which factors are capable of binding to the enhancers in each set. Remarkably, the team found that enhancers that are in the same phase tend to bind the same transcription factors. (1)

Everything in nature tuned with each other.
We are all following a clock.
We are all following many clocks.
And these clocks are winded together.

Two pendulums on the same wall.
Earth and the Moon looking at each other.
Humans living together till they die.

Tik tak tik tak tik tak…

Quartets, music, One…

String quartet players continuously adjust the timing of their notes to stay in sync. But exactly how players do it has been unclear. New data tracking millisecond-scale corrections suggests that some ensembles are more autocratic — following one leader —while other musical groups are more democratic, making corrections equally. Researchers had two well-established quartets play Joseph Haydn’s String Quartet op. 74 no. 1. (1)

In the cosmos everything affects everything.

An no matter how, we are all synchronized to play the same tune.

Leaders or followers, we are all in the same music room.

Listen to the music…

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