Part of a 1929 prediction by physicist Hermann Weyl — of a kind of massless particle that features a singular point in its energy spectrum called the “Weyl point” — has finally been confirmed by direct observation for the first time, says an international team of physicists led by researchers at MIT. The finding could lead to new kinds of high-power single-mode lasers and other optical devices, the team says.
For decades, physicists thought that the subatomic particles called neutrinos were, in fact, the massless particles that Weyl had predicted — a possibility that was ultimately eliminated by the 1998 discovery that neutrinos do have a small mass. “Every single paper written about Weyl points was theoretical, until now,” says Marin Soljačić, a professor of physics at MIT and the senior author of a paper published this week in the journal Science confirming the detection. (Another team of researchers at Princeton University and elsewhere independently made a different detection of Weyl particles; their paper appears in the same issue of Science).
Ling Lu, a research scientist at MIT and lead author of that team’s paper, says the elusive points can be thought of as equivalent to theoretical entities known as magnetic monopoles. These do not exist in the real world: They would be the equivalent of cutting a bar magnet in half and ending up with separate north and south magnets, whereas what really happens is you end up with two shorter magnets, each with two poles. But physicists often carry out their calculations in terms of momentum space (also called reciprocal space) rather than ordinary three-dimensional space, Lu explains, and in that framework magnetic monopoles can exist — and their properties match those of Weyl points.
The achievement was made possible by a novel use of a material called a photonic crystal. In this case, Lu was able to calculate precise measurements for the construction of a photonic crystal predicted to produce the manifestation of Weyl points — with dimensions and precise angles between arrays of holes drilled through the material, a configuration known as a gyroid structure. This prediction was then proved correct by a variety of sophisticated measurements that exactly matched the characteristics expected for such points. (1)
Two points to note:
First: the concurrent discoveries. Weird how great discoveries are most of the times performed in “pairs”. (see for example the case of calculus which was concurrently “discovered”/ invented by Leibnitz and Newton) It sees as though the “100th monkey effect” theory is somehow valid…
Second: The discoveries were based on elusive imaginary “data”, not the “hard” evidence people believe science is based upon. Which could explain the abovementioned “coincidence” of concurrency: When people start thinking in the same way, they will eventually “discover” what they think about.
Science is in the mind of humans.
We “see” patterns in phenomena.
We “see” “reality” in phenomena.
We “discover” things that even we understand that they do not even exist.
We use these “discoveries” to build things.
So can the ape use his own view of the cosmos (which is also in his mind and not “real”) to build tools and develop strategies and techniques.
Untrained in philosophy, we like imagining that what we do is “real” and “important”. The truth is that we have almost nothing to say without quotation marks.
Our greatest wisdom would be to accept life and the cosmos. To love each other and embrace our existence. And without trying to understand anything, we would be the wisest people ever lived…
Oh wise ape!