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The road to the truth is paved with personal opinions…

Introduction

Learn about one philosopher or a philosophical movement in 3 seconds!

Learn for a philosopher in a sip of coffee; or tea!

This article contains brief one or two-sentence descriptions of the philosophy produced by great philosophers or by important philosophical movements. Note that this is a very personal view and should not be treated as a bibliographical reference, but mainly as a spark for fruitful debate and thinking.

Philosophy in a sip (of espresso)…

Kant

A priory knowledge. Analytic and synthetic judgement. Our ability to examine metaphysical questions is limited by our empirical knowledge. Metaphysics is possible, but synthetic  a priori  principles  can be  established  only within the limited  domain  of sensible experience. Our morality is defined by an internal sense of duty.

Post-modernism

Question everything. Question whether science can answer to everything. There is no method. Be crazy. There is no unique explanation of the world. Writer’s death.

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Modernism

Materialize the philosophy of enlightenment.

Enlightenment

Free individual. State. End of religion. Faith in science and logic.

Descartes

Duality of spirit and matter. I think therefore I am. Every position can be defended with arguments. Only existence is certain.

Kierkegaard

Agony of existence. Leap of faith.

Plato

Existence of truth.

Aristotle

Logic as a tool.

Heidegger

What is Is? Return to the basic questions.

Nietzsche

Philosophy of the irrational. Questioned both religion and science. Tried to look into the eyes of the abyss.

Shestov

I believe because it is irrational.

Harmonia Philosophica

The only way to think is via non-thinking. Silence conveys more than Logos.

Socrates

You know nothing. Just know thyself.

Christianity (as a philosophy)

Die before you die, so that you won’t die.

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Harmonia Philosophica (Greek)

Atheism (as a philosophy)

Everything is random. There is no meaning in the cosmos.

Scientism

The belief that science will one day know all.

Gödel

The murderer of scientism. Science cannot prove everything based on specific axioms. There is no time.

Hume

Deduction is limited as a tool to discover the truth.

Bertrand Russell

Not a philosopher.

Berkeley

A tree does not make a sound in an empty forest.

Modern civilization (21st century)

I want to go out and have fun! Philosophy (and my self) frightens me.

Levi Strauss

Primitive is not less evolved than modern.

Parmenides

Everything is One. All we see is an illusion.

Heraclitus

War is the father is everything. Listen to the thunder.

Materialism

Everything is matter. (Modern science: what is matter?)

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Dualism

Matter and spirit exist separately in the cosmos.

Relativism

Everything is relative. There is no objective truth when it comes to ethics. Otherwise known as the «basis for the demise of today’s modern civilization».

Rousseau

Be aware of science. It makes man unethical.

Wittgenstein

Man must be awaken to wonder. Science tends to get him to sleep again. The meaning of the cosmos lies outside of it. The things we cannot talk about are the most important ones.

Phenomenology

Try to see beyond the veil of the phenomena. (As if any other philosophy claims that it starts only on the surface of the phenomena)

Any philosopher

Had his own opinion. Have yours!

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